Thread-embedding acupuncture for lumbar herniated intervertebral disc: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

Lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (LHIVD) is a frequent disease among patients attending Korean medicine hospitals, and it is associated with considerable medical expenses for the patients.

Although several recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have reported that thread-embedding acupuncture (TEA) has a more favorable therapeutic effect on LHIVD than other types of acupuncture or other treatments, the evidence remains limited because these trials used poor assessment methods and had a high risk of bias.

This study aims to evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness and safety of TEA for LHIVD. In this article, we describe our methods and plan for a systematic review.

mPEG-SH,40K

33-MF001003-40K
  • EUR 260.00
  • EUR 679.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-CHO,40K

33-MF001004-40K
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 728.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-AC,40K

33-MF001009-40K
  • EUR 223.00
  • EUR 568.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-ACA,40K

33-MF001010-40K
  • EUR 235.00
  • EUR 605.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-GA,40K

33-MF001012-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 531.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-SA,40K

33-MF001013-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 531.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-GAA,40K

33-MF001014-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 531.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-Hydrazide,40K

33-MF001019-40K
  • EUR 198.00
  • EUR 494.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-Epoxide,40K

33-MF001021-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 494.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-MAL,40K

33-MF001022-40K
  • EUR 235.00
  • EUR 605.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-SG,40K

33-MF001027-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 544.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-SS,40K

33-MF001028-40K
  • EUR 211.00
  • EUR 544.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-GAS,40K

33-MF001029-40K
  • EUR 235.00
  • EUR 605.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-SAS,40K

33-MF001030-40K
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 728.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-NPC,40K

33-MF001034-40K
  • EUR 186.00
  • EUR 457.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-OPSS,40K

33-MF001035-40K
  • EUR 297.00
  • EUR 790.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-Biotin,40K

33-MF001041-40K
  • EUR 297.00
  • EUR 790.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-DSPE,40K

33-MF001096-40K
  • EUR 248.00
  • EUR 642.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

mPEG-AA,40K

33-MF001121-40K
  • EUR 235.00
  • EUR 605.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

4-ArmPEG-Acid,40K

33-A44017-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

4-ArmPEG-SG,40K

33-A44027-40K
  • EUR 149.00
  • EUR 346.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

4-ArmPEG-SS,40K

33-A44028-40K
  • EUR 149.00
  • EUR 346.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-OH,40K

33-A88002-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SH,40K

33-A88003-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-Azide,40K

33-A88006-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-AlKyne,40K

33-A88007-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-Acrylate,40K

33-A88009-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-Acrylamide,40K

33-A88010-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-GA,40K

33-A88012-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SA,40K

33-A88013-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-GAA,40K

33-A88014-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SAA,40K

33-A88015-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-Acid,40K

33-A88017-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-Epoxide,40K

33-A88021-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-MAL,40K

33-A88022-40K
  • EUR 198.00
  • EUR 494.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SCM,40K

33-A88024-40K
  • EUR 198.00
  • EUR 494.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SG,40K

33-A88027-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SS,40K

33-A88028-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-GAS,40K

33-A88029-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-SAS,40K

33-A88030-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

8-ArmPEG-NPC,40K

33-A88034-40K
  • EUR 174.00
  • EUR 420.00
  • 1g
  • 5g
Description: A high purity chemical with various applications in medical research, drug-release, nanotechnology and new materials research, cell culture. In the study of ligand, polypeptide synthesis support, a graft polymer compounds, new materials, and polyethylene glycol-modified functional coatings and other aspects of the active compound.

Methoxy PEG Maleimide lbranched (MW: 40,000)

PEG-40K 100 mg
EUR 225

mPEG-BSA (Molecular Weight: 40,000-linear)

PEG-BSA-40K 100 ug
EUR 286

We will conduct an electronic search of the following databases from their inception to May 2018: MEDLINE; EMBASE; COCHRANE; China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (a Chinese database); CiNii and J-STAGE (Japanese databases); and KoreaMed, Korean Medical Database (KMbase), Korean Studies Information Service System (KISS),

National Digital Science Library (NDSL), Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS). RCTs investigating any type of TEA will be included. The risk of bias in each study will be evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.

Risk ratios or mean differences with 95% confidence intervals will be used to show the effects of TEA if it will be possible to conduct a meta-analysis. Sensitivity analyses will also be conducted in this study.

Ethical approval is not necessary as this paper does not involve patient data. The review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal or presented in a conference.PROSPERO CRD42019133060.